Bible Facts

Facts About the Bible

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Meaning of the word –

The word Bible comes from the Greek word biblia, which means “books” which comes from another word, byblos, meaning papyrus, a material books were made from in ancient times.

The ancient Greeks obtained their supplies of paper from the port of Byblos, in what is now Lebanon.

Their word for book — “biblion” (the singular form of biblia)— was derived from the name of this port, and from this we get our English word Bible, meaning the Book of books.

Chapters and Verses – 

The system of chapters was introduced in A.D. 1238 by Cardinal Hugo de S. Caro, while the verse notations were added in 1551 by Robertus Stephanus, after the advent of printing. 

One Unified and Cohesive Text –

Even though comprised of 66 different books by 40 different Authors, the Bible is still one UNIFIED and COHESIVE literary work!

The 66 books of the Bible were written over span of 1500 years, by over 40 authors using 3 different languages, and living on 3 different continents.

It is UNIFIED in that every book describes the same aspects of the essence, expectations, and revelations of the One Triune God.

The major emphasis throughout are the prophesies of Jesus Christ’s coming, His work on the Cross, fulfilling God’s plan for mankind and His future comings, preparing the way for Jesus Christ the savior of mankind, and establishing the new heavens and the new earth.

COHESIVE, in that all the books tie together with a single theme demonstrating the sinfulness of mankind and his need  for salvation from an everlasting hell and with instruction how to secure a position in eternity with God.

The Bible has a common story line showing mankind’s march through history from a divine perspective and God’s solution to fallen man’s greatest need: salvation from an eternity in hell.

All this with no historical errors or contradictions.

One of many examples of God’s demonstrated love in the Old Testament is in how he dealt with the Israelites who continually defied and disobeyed Him. A short summary is given in Jeremiah 31:3.

How many books are in the Bible?

The Bible contains 66 books, divided among the Old and New Testaments.

How many books are in the Old Testament?

There are 39 books in the Old Testament.

How many books are in the New Testament?

There are 27 books in the New Testament.

What does “Testament” mean?

Testament means “covenant” or “contract.”

Who wrote the Bible?

The Bible was written under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit by about 40 different authors from all walks of life: shepherds, farmers, tent-makers, physicians, fishermen, priests, philosophers and kings. Despite these differences in occupation and the span of years it took to write it, the Bible is an extremely cohesive and unified book.

Which single author contributed the most books to the Old Testament?

Moses. He wrote the first five books of the Bible, referred to as the Pentateuch; the foundation of the Bible.

Which single author contributed the most books to the New Testament?

The Apostle Paul, who wrote 14 books (over half) of the New Testament.

When was the Bible written?

It was written over a period of some 1,500 years, from around 1450 B.C. (the time of Moses) to about 100 A.D. (following the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ).

What is the oldest book in the Old Testament?

Many scholars agree that Job is the oldest book in the Bible, written by an unknown Israelite about 1500 B.C. Others hold that the Pentateuch (the first five books of the Bible) are the oldest books in the Bible, written between 1446 and 1406 B.C.

What is the youngest book in the Old Testament?

The book of Malachi, written about 400 B.C.

What is the oldest book of the New Testament?

Probably the book of James, written as early as A.D. 45.

What is the youngest book in the New Testament?

The Book of Revelation is the youngest book of the New Testament, written about 95 A.D.

What languages was the Bible written in?

The Bible was written in three languages: Hebrew, Aramaic, and Koine Greek.

When was the Bible canonized?

The entire New Testament as we know it today, was canonized before the year 375 A.D. The Old Testament had previously been canonized long before the advent of Christ.

What does “Canon” mean?

“Canon” is derived front the Greek word “Kanon,” signifying a measuring rod. Thus, to have the Bible “canonized” meant that it had been measured by the standard or test of divine inspiration and authority. It became the collection of books or writings accepted by the apostles and leadership of the early Christian church as a basis for Christian belief. It is the standard by which all Christians throughout the ages live and worship.

When was the first translation of the Bible made into English?

1382 A.D., by John Wycliffe.

When was the Bible printed?

The Bible was printed in 1454 A.D. by Johannes Gutenberg who invented the “type mold” for the printing press. It was the first book ever printed.

What is the most reliable manuscript of the Bible now in existence?

The Textus Receptus.
 
Textus Receptus (Latin: “received text”) is the name subsequently given to the succession of printed Greek texts of the New Testament which constituted the translation base for the original German Luther Bible, the translation of the New Testament into English by William Tyndale and also the King James Version of the Bible.

What is the longest book in the Bible?

The book of Psalms.

What is the shortest book in the Bible?

2 John.

What is the longest chapter in the Bible?

Psalm 119

What is the shortest chapter in the Bible?

Psalm 117

What is the longest verse in the Bible?

Esther 8:9

What is the shortest verse in the Bible?

John 11:35

Which book in the Bible does not mention the word “God?”

The book of Esther.

Who was the oldest man that ever lived?

Methuselah who lived to be 969 years old (Genesis 5:27).

Who were the two men in the Bible who never died but were caught up to heaven?

Enoch, who walked with God and was no more (Genesis 5:22-24). Elijah, who was caught up by a whirlwind into heaven (II Kings 2:11).

Who does the Bible say was the meekest man in the Bible (not including Jesus)?

Moses (Numbers 12:3).

How many languages has the Bible been translated into?

The Holy Bible has been translated into 2,018 languages, with countless more partial translations, and audio translations (for unwritten languages). (This is an enormous amount of translations. In comparison, Shakespeare, considered by many to be the master writer of the English language, has only been translated into 50 languages.)

Is the Bible still the best-selling book in the world?

Yes. Over 4 Billion copies sold and many more distributed for free!

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References

American Bible Society, 1865 Broadway, New York, NY 10023
Halley, Henry H. Halley’s Bible Handbook (Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, 1927, 1965).
Maxwell, Arthur. Your Bible And You (Washington D.C.: Review and Herald Publishing Association, 1959).
Mickelson, A. Berkley and Alvera. Understanding Scripture (Peabody: Hendrickson Publishers, 1982, 1992).
Unger, Merrill F. TH.D., PH.D. Unger’s Bible Handbook (Chicago: Moody Press, 1967)

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